How The English Speak Out About Climate Change Ep 266

Every Adept English lesson will help you learn to speak English fluently.

📝 Author: Hilary

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💬 2566 words ⏳ Reading Time 13 min


English Speak

You want to learn how to speak English fluently, but do not know where to start? Rather than force you to read a lot, I will give you the answer up front. To improve your English-speaking skills, you need to listen to native English speakers.

Can you write in English but don’t feel confident about speaking English? Adept English is 100% focused on the speaking and listening part of learning the English language. Adept English will help you improve your English-speaking skills.

Most traditional approaches to learning to speak the English language focus on reading and writing in English. How they expect this to help you “speak” English is crazy. How anyone expects to solve a speaking problem when they spend 80% of their time reading and writing is beyond us.

To improve your speaking skills, you need to focus on listening to native English speakers until you can understand much more than you can speak. While you listen to English being spoken you will build your English vocabulary and grammar automatically.

Fortunately, you have found one of the best places on the Internet for free native English speaker resources. We have a lot of English audio ready for you to listen to right now.

Most Unusual Words:

Xr
Footprint
Drones

Most common 2 word phrases:

PhraseCount
Climate Change15
Extinction Rebellion8
Adept English7
Your English7
Roger Hallam6

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Transcript: How The English Speak Out About Climate Change

Hi there and welcome to this latest podcast from Adept English. If you’re keen on improving your English, want to speak more like a native, want to understand English better, then keep listening regularly to authentic English. Speak English already? Then use Adept English to keep your conversation skill polished and current. So let’s practice your understanding of spoken English today.

Disruption in London because of Climate Change Protest

Let’s do a lesson today, which is related to one we touched on last week. Apparently there is due to be disruption through central London this week, because of climate change protests. So today’s topic is related to last week’s article about Greta Thunberg and worries about climate change. So ‘disruption’? ‘Disruption’ is a noun and it means disturbance, getting in the way of how something normally works. If there’s disruption on the roads, it means that there will be lots of cars queuing, for example, traffic jams, if you like. And ‘climate change protest’? Well the ‘climate’, as we said last week means the weather, the rainfall, the temperature, the seasons of the year – and ‘climate change’ is the observation that say the overall temperature is rising, the weather’s doing strange things, ice in the Arctic is melting etc. That’s climate change. And usually this goes with the sense that these things are not natural, not reversible.

English Pronunciation Guide Video

So ‘climate change protest’? So ‘protest’, that’s P-R-O-T-E-S-T. Well, that’s one of those words which is both a noun – you can say ‘a protest’ - and a verb, ‘to protest’. Notice the different emphasis on there – PROtest and proTEST. ‘To protest’ means that you are raising your objection, you’re saying NO to something. So disruption in central London next week, because of climate change protest.

What is Extinction Rebellion?

So the organisation which is planning the disruption - they’re called XR or Extinction Rebellion. ‘Extinction’ is a noun – there’s a lot of vocabulary here, isn’t there? And ‘extinction’ is when something stops existing, stops being. For example, animals face ‘extinction’, when the number of a particular species is so low that they’re in danger. ‘Extinction’ means ‘ending’ - there are no more. And ‘Rebellion’ again is a noun, related to the verb ‘to rebel’. If you ‘rebel’ or you ‘stage a rebellion’, it means you’re refusing to accept something, you go against what’s expected of you. Rebellion is similar to protest, but it has a stronger meaning – rebellion implies action, whereas protest tends to mean that you say no by speaking or you make your feelings known in a gentle way or by refusing to do something. And Extinction Rebellion or XR, well, it’s a British organisation, led by someone called Roger Hallam.

English Pronunciation Guide Video

Roger Hallam used to be a farmer, but because of his concerns about global warming and his concern about changes in the weather, he went to Kings College London to study what’s known as ‘civil disobediance’ and he’s become somewhat of an expert in this field. ‘Civil’, C-I-V-I-L – means ‘to do with your citizenship’. And ‘disobediance’ is the act of ‘not doing what you’re told’. If you tell a child to do something – and then they don’t do it, you might say that this was ‘disobediance’. It comes from the verb ‘to disobey’ - meaning to refuse to do what you are told to. And ‘disobey’ comes from the verb ‘to obey’. So ‘to obey’ and ‘to disobey’ - they’re opposites. So if you ‘obey’ someone, you do what they tell you to. So if ‘civil disobediance’ is part of what you want to do, you do things which are purposefully disruptive, which you hope will make your point, get your point, your opinion across. Previously XR protesters have done things like spraying buildings with fake blood, or sitting down in the middle or the road – and stopping the trafiic and refusing to move. Despite the name Extinction Rebellion, the proposed aim is for peaceful, non-violent protest.

What does ‘zero carbon emissions by 2025’ mean?

Roger Hallam says he is ‘dedicated to telling the truth’ about climate change. He says that the government is not telling the truth about climate change - they’re hiding the data. He has quite a difficult message to get across. He thinks that there will be ‘social collapse’, that the world will not be able to carry on within the next 10 years. He says that there is a ‘climate emergency’ - and calls for zero carbon emissions by 2025. Carbon, C-A-R-B-O-N is a chemical atom, it’s all around us – the symbol is C like in Carbon Dioxide or CO2. And ‘carbon emission’ means the amount of carbon that’s released from various actions. So ‘carbon emissions’ happen in farming, like if you grow something – so like cows for beef for a hamburger.

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Or there is a ‘carbon emission’ if you take a flight on an aeroplane. Or there are ‘carbon emissions’ from driving your car – and you might measure this per year in grammes. Do you remember how German car maker Volkswagen were in trouble for not telling the truth about carbon emissions from their cars? So we might also talk about your ‘carbon footprint’. A footprint is what your foot might leave behind in the snow, so your ‘carbon footprint’ is the amount of carbon emission that your particular choices, your lifestyle causes. So the current government target, what the government are aiming for, is that we are carbon neutral – that is we make no overall carbon emission – by the year 2050. But Roger Hallam’s organisation, Extinction Rebellion or XR are calling for the UK to be carbon neutral by 2025. This is a much more aggressive target and would mean really big lifestyle changes for us all. 2025 – that’s only five years away!

A ‘Climate Emergency’

So a ‘climate emergency’ means there is an emergency, an urgent, critical situation for the climate. Roger Hallam thinks that ‘social collapse’ will happen because people will starve, they’ll be without food, because the weather systems will become so disrupted that our sources of food will end within the next few years. He calls for fundamental change in the systems which deliver food and in the ‘normality of our lives’.

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A photograph of a man holding a baby you cannot tell the gender of the baby. Used to help explain English grammar she, he and they.

©️ Adept English 2019


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Extinction Rebellion Take the Long-Term View

So back to the subject. Whether or not you agree with Roger Hallam, one of his arguments is rather like Greta Thunberg’s argument. If you are young, you have more investment in the continuation of our planet, because you are going to be around for that much longer. What will the world’s ecology be like in 60 or 70 years time? How much damage will we have done by then? It’s perhaps difficult to imagine, but in that length of time, whether or not we take notice of climate change and what we do about it, choices we make now will really start to matter in that length of time.

A Difficult Message on Climate Change – No More Flying!

However Extinction Rebellion and Roger Hallam are the more extreme end of the climate change opinion – and protest and protesters. His predictions are terrible – and it’s really difficult to listen to. The message is challenging! If you listen to what he suggests, then you have to become not just vegetarian, but vegan – meaning that you eat no animal products, not even dairy. It means you mustn’t own a car, and that you mustn’t travel – you must never take an aeroplane flight again. That’s a hard message for people, difficult lifestyle changes to make. They say that we need ‘complete system change’. Everything will have to work differently.

Lots of people also disagree with the methods, the strategies employed by Extinction Rebellion, even though they are peaceful and supposedly non-violent. Recently they threatened to disrupt Heathrow Airport, by flying drones into the air space. In fact, the people with the drones were arrested pretty quickly and the airport operated as normal. So what’s planned for central London this week?

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What’s Happening this October?

Well apparently they‘re going to try and close down the district of Westminster and Lambeth in central London. And that’s of course where the British Parliament is – and where the famous Westminster Bridge is. They’re also planning to disrupt the operation of London’s City Airport. They’re hoping that as many as 20,000 to 30,000 people will be involved in the protests. Similar disruption is planned in other cities in the world too – Amsterdam, Berlin, Madrid, New York, Washington etc.

Goodbye

So let us know if you get caught up in these demonstrations, these protests. And let us know also if you’re one of the protesters. I’ve got to go into London as normal on Monday 7th October. Will I get to work? Mmm. Let’s see what happens!

This podcast is designed to help you improve your understanding of spoken English. Speak better English with Adept English. And also have better English conversation!

Enough for now. Have a lovely day. Speak to you again soon. Goodbye.

PS Listening Will Help Your English ‘Speaking’ Grammar

Recently, I was talking to an Adept English language student about the difference between learning English grammar for English writing and the grammar used in English speaking.

In a sane world you would hope that they would be exactly the same thing. You learn to write English correctly, following a huge array of complex rules, many of which contradict themselves, only to discover that the grammar used in spoken English is different to that used in written English.

If you listen to an English speaker talking in an everyday conversation, the first thing you will notice is that they use far more words than you would if you were writing about the same thing on paper. The other thing English speakers do is assume that you are following the context of the conversation and they talk about things non-linearly it’s almost like the speaker skips from one topic to another.

In writing you are more likely to keep a strong context by moving logically from one item to the next. English speaking is more intuitive than logical.

You notice that English speakers simplify their grammar and vocabulary in a conversation, it’s more informal. When you are speaking to someone, especially face to face, you notice that visual cues are used to create a rhythm, one person will speak, then the next, but maybe something important is being talked about so you will “see” that you should skip your turn to talk and listen instead.

And that’s just the tip of the iceberg. You could talk about slang words, inside jokes the transient nature of spoken words verses the permanency of written words.

Trust me when I say you will learn much more about speaking English by listening to English being spoken than you will to English being written.

Founder

Hilary

@adeptenglish.com

The voice of Adeptenglish, loves English and wants to help people who want to speak English fluently.
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