Learn English Vocabulary Popular Words For Wet
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Hi there, I’m Hilary and welcome to this latest podcast from Adept English. If you are used to listening to us and follow us via TuneIn – I’m sorry that you’ve not been getting the latest podcasts – hopefully we’ll get it sorted soon. But in the meantime, our podcasts are all available on Blubrry.com, (that’s B-L-U-B-R-R-Y) or iTunes and Soundcloud still and a number of other places. Also you’ll find the latest podcasts as well at – www.adeptenglish.com as usual.
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Today I thought that I’d do another of those podcasts where I take a group of words in English, whose meaning is related, so which mean similar things – but try to explain what the differences are and when you would use them. So today it’s words for wet.
So wet is an adjective, a describing word – you can have a wet day, a wet dog, wet hair perhaps. So wet means something has water in it or over it. So a wet day would be a day where it’s raining, a wet dog would be a dog which had been swimming perhaps – and wet hair would maybe…you’ve just washed your hair with shampoo. So if you like, wet is the general word, the word that you need to remember, so that you can use it. But if you listen to English speakers, then you’ll hear a lot of other words and expressions for wet. It would be good to be able to understand those too – and see how many of them you can remember – and see if you can use them perhaps.
So let’s do a scale, let’s start with words which mean wet, but not very wet and end with words which mean very wet indeed.
So damp D-A-M-P is a describing word and you would hear and the noun that relates to it is dampness. So damp means that something is wet, it’s been in contact with water, but it’s dried off a little or maybe it didn’t get that wet in the first place. So if you have a damp day – this means that it’s not raining hard, but it’s perhaps a little misty and there is water in the air. A damp dog means that the dog has perhaps got wet running through some grass, but he’s dried off a little. You might talk about cleaning something with a damp cloth – you might clean your windows with a damp cloth. So damp would be a cloth that’s had the water squeezed out of it. So damp is wet, but not very wet.
Another word that you might hear is moist M-O-I-S-T. And there is a noun too, moisture. So you might say of a misty day – there’s moisture in the air. Moist tends to mean that there’s a little bit of dampness – and it’s usually moisture which comes from inside of something. So you might talk about a cake being moist. It’s one of those words that may make certain English-speakers smile when you use it. This is because it’s got a bit of a comedy, a humour association – parts of the body may get moist. For example, if it’s a hot day, your armpit – that’s the part underneath your arm, where you spray your Sure or Dove deodorant – that might be termed moist perhaps. So I’m just trying to help you in case you find that English-speakers smile when you use the word ‘moist’ and you wonder why! British people are funny – they find humour in all kinds of things – I think it’s a part of the culture. And sometimes that ‘s with particular words.
So now onto words which mean very wet. If you hear someone say ‘Oh, we were wet through’ this means ‘We were wet through to the skin’. So the idea is that the water, probably rain if you’re in the UK, or it could be a wave splashing over you on the beach – the water has gone all the way through your clothes and to your skin. So everything you are wearing, all your clothes are wet through. Soaked through or soaked is another word you might hear. And that’s from the verb to soak S-O-A-K. So if you soak something, it means that you leave it in water or some other liquid perhaps. You might soak things when you’re cooking – so beans or lentils or raisins may need soaking before you can use them. So if something is soaking wet, that means that it’s very wet, as though it’s been put underneath the water for a bit and left there. Another related word – you can also say sodden S-O-D-D-E-N so again sodden means very wet indeed, as though it’s been put underneath the water or it’s had water poured on it lots of times. Sodden – I think is a good old English word.
Another word you may hear is drenched. So again there’s a verb to drench. If you’re drenched, this means that the water or the liquid has come from over the top, over your head. So often if someone says ‘I was drenched’, it would mean that they’ve been rained on very hard. So that person has been drenched with rain water. But you may also drench something when you are cooking. If you drench something with oil, it means that you pour say, olive oil over the top of something – and not just a bit, it means quite a lot if you drench something.
And lastly for today – two more expressions to mean very wet indeed. If you jump into a swimming pool and then you get out and you stand on the side, an English speaker might say ‘You’re dripping wet’ or ‘You’re sopping wet’. Dripping wet – dripping comes from the verb ‘to drip’ – so D-R-I-P. So if your tap in your bathroom goes tt-tt-tt – that’s a dripping tap – and drips are little bits of water that collect and fall. So dripping wet means that you are so wet, that little bits of water are dripping off you. And sopping wet – there is a verb to sop, but we don’t use that very much. But sopping means something that’s soaked up all the water – or other liquid – so much that it’s dripping off. So sopping wet, means drooping, hanging down with wetness. Sopping wet.
So just to summarise today’s words and expressions were:-
Wet – the general word
Damp and dampness
Moist and moisture
Wet through or wet through to the skin
Soaked or soaked through to the skin and to soak
Drenched – and to drench
Dripping wet and the verb to drip
So just a short podcast today and some very nice vocabulary for you to learn. As ever, listen to this podcast a number of times and see how many of the different English words for wet you can remember.
Have a lovely day. Speak to you again soon. Goodbye.